Low bone mass means that you have lower bone density than what is expected for a healthy person, but not low enough to be considered osteoporosis. This condition increases your risk of osteoporosis and broken bones.
Osteopenia is the term sometimes used to describe a person with a lower bone density than normal. However, it is not as low as osteoporosis. Osteopenia is not a diagnosis and the preferred term is Low Bone Mass (see above).
Posture training exercises aim to strengthen the muscles important for posture, such as those that run the length of your spine, or those that stabilize your shoulder blades. Posture training teaches you how to keep your neck, back and shoulder in good positions at all times. Good posture can prevent injury during your daily activities.
Self-management refers to the actions you take for your health and well-being. This involves gaining knowledge, skills and confidence to manage your health, along with your health professionals and community resources.
A spine fracture is a broken bone (vertebra) in your spine, often called a compression fracture. Osteoporosis is the most common cause of spine fractures. A spine fracture due to osteoporosis may not cause any symptoms right away. Later on, it may cause back pain, a loss of height or a stooped posture.
Strength training exercises make your bones and muscles work by lifting, pushing or pulling against a load. The load comes from a heavy object (such as weights) or something that provides resistance (such as an elastic band or water). As the difficulty of the exercise increases over time, the muscles have to become stronger to adapt to the new challenge.